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New research 841: Genetic heterogeneity of CH

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#1 Wed, 19/03/2014 - 15:23
PeterM's picture
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Joined: 21/03/2012 - 15:17

New research 841: Genetic heterogeneity of CH

[quote]Clin J Pain. 2014 Feb 27. [Epub ahead of print]


[b]Molecular Analysis of Cluster Headache.[/b]


Zarrilli F1, Tomaiuolo R, Ceglia C, Lombardo B, Izzo B, Castaldo G, Pastore L, De Simone R.

Author information 1*Dipartimento di Bioscienze e Territorio, Università del Molise, Isernia, Italy †Dipartimento di Medicina Molecolare e Biotecnologie Mediche, Università di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy ‡CEINGE-Biotecnologie Avanzate, Naples, Italy §Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Università di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy ∥Dipartimento di Neuroscienze e Scienze Riproduttive e Odontostomatologiche, Università di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy.




OBJECTIVES:: Cluster headache (CH) is characterized by severe, recurrent, unilateral attacks of extreme intensity and brief duration. Variants in a myriad of genes were studied in sporadic CH patients, often with conflicting results.


METHODS:: We studied gene mutations in some candidate genes, i.e., hypocretin-receptor 2, Clock and alcohol-dehydrogenase (ADH) 4 in 54 unrelated sporadic CH subjects and in 200 controls and, for the first time, in 8 kindreds/families that included more affected and non-affected cases. Furthermore, we performed the whole genome scanning by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), searching for rearrangements associated to DNA gain or loss in a subset of sporadic and familial CH and control subjects.


RESULTS:: The analysis of candidate genes revealed that only allele and genotype frequency of the two ADH4 mutations resulted significantly between sporadic CH and controls; the same mutations were homozygous in CH patients from two families. The CGH analysis revealed two novel rearrangements that involved the intron regions of thyrotropin-releasing hormone degrading enzyme and neurexin (NRXN) 3 genes, respectively. The first one was present either in CH and in control subjects; the second was specifically found in some sporadic and familial CH cases.


CONCLUSIONS:: our data (although obtained on a small number of cases) confirm the genetic heterogeneity of CH suggesting that mutations in the ADH4 gene and a novel rearrangement involving neurexin 3 gene might be related to CH in a subset of cases. [/quote]



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